How to be safe on motorcycle

Via InfoCluster | Last Updated: 08th November 2017, 12:15 PM




How to be safe on motorcycle

How to be safe on motorcycle

Riding motorcycle is very enjoyable and adventurous but at the same time, it can be very dangerous too. Motorcyclists are less protected compared to a motorist.


Here are some pre-ride checklist and bike maintenance tips. So do check out this to ensure your safety on the road.

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When you are on road


Be visible to others 


With the increase in vehicle numbers on road sometimes you might be unnoticed on road. It is very important that you are always seen. You can following points:

During daytime make sure that you will have your low beam headlights on during the day

Your protective gears should be of bright and contrasting color. Wear some reflective vest during night rides.

When approaching a junction or other areas of maneuvering traffic make sure that you slow down so that you have a good chance of being seen by others and all can plan their proper action



Be aware and scan your surrounding.

Always be careful of other vehicles and potential hazards and scan regularly and do not focus on one spot for too long. Believe it or not, our bike moves wherever we look. So if you see pothole do not concentrate on that, instead look out for escape root.

Do not take other vehicles on the road for granted or do not simply assume things.  

Check your mirrors for vehicles coming behind you, especially when you are about to make a turn or changing lanes.

Check your roads conditions and be careful of twigs and debris, oil, gravel or potholes. 



Maintain a safe Distance

The best way you can protect yourself is by maintaining proper space between you and others

Always keep a buffer zone of at least 3-5 seconds between you and the vehicle in front.

This gives you appropriate time to react during an emergency.

Gives you a proper view of the road and allows other vehicles to see you.

During rains increase this buffer zone so that you get additional time to react.

Keep enough distance while overtaking or while passing by a line of parked cars. Also when a truck is approaching you, which may create hazardous wind gust.

If someone is tailgating you, allow him to pass by or maintain a safe distance so that you get a proper stopping time.



Protective Gears


To reduce the severity of injuries sustained in a crash, wearing protective gears is very important.


Helmet

A human brain is protected by skull but it has limitation to the amount of force it can handle before getting damaged by itself. And obviously we do not want damage our skull either, so a good helmet is a prime protector. Hard outer shell of a helmet which can be made of strong polymer, fiberglass, carbon fiber etc helps to protect the head during a crash. A light, hard and strong non-deformable outer shell makes for a good helmet.

Inside helmet has a liner which is made up of high-density thermocol, polystyrene etc. During a crash, this liner gets compressed and deforms absorbing the force of impact while protecting your head from injuries. 

While choosing helmets:

Check out for some certification marks (DOT preferable or at least ISI). The helmet which meets these safety standards perform well.  

Check the fitting. Try it before you buy it. 

Buy full face helmet because obviously it provides better protection.

Choose scratch free visor.

Prefer double-D ring fastener over click type fastener for the chin strap.

Choose bright color helmet because they are more visible to others.

Replace your helmet if you are involved in a crash and don't give your helmet to others because the fit to your head may be affected.

     

   

    Riding Jacket


     Falls from a moving bike is the commonest of all injuries for a motorcyclist.During such situation riding jackets helps a lot. Jackets having protective hard re-enforcements at specific places (like elbow joints, shoulders, back and chest areas) protect these areas from abrasion and injury. 


. Jackets also protect the rider from the weather (warm liners for cold weather, water-proof outers for rain and mesh construction for warm weather for example).


While choosing jacket

 Choose a jacket with built-in shoulder, elbow and back protection that is abrasion-resistant. Jackets are available in either leather or non-leather materials.

Check whether the jacket meets at least basic safety standards

Make sure that your jacket has good ventilation and also it has a thermal and waterproof liner.

Before buying check fitting properly. If it's too loose padding will rotate under impact and also disconcertingly flap in the wind at high speed. If it's too tight, it will impede movement, and it affects blood circulation in certain areas of the body. This will make your ride very uncomfortable.


Riding Gloves


During fall you will find that the instinctive action of your body is to easily throw your hands out to try and cushion your fall. This is why in many cases and in many falls, it is usually the hands that will bear the brunt of the falls.The human hand is a delicate contraption. Thin and numerous bones form a multi-jointed framework that’s covered with a thin layer of flesh, except in the palm area. Protecting the hands, both from injury and weather is the main concern for any rider.

While purchasing make sure that gloves will fit you properly. It will be very difficult to ride if your gloves are too loose or tight.

 



Riding Pants


During fall the knee and ankle joints suffer the most and riding pants protect a rider from these injuries up to some extent. All riding pants should have some sort of abrasion resistant material or construction in areas that typically make contact with the ground (i.e. the butt, hips, and knees), and most pants will have some kind of padding or armor as well.These pants are built with sturdier materials than casual wear (such as durable textiles and leather), The knee-guards provide strategic protection to the vulnerable knee joint area.


A cheaper alternative for riding pants are knee guards. These are made up of hard polymers. These should be a tight fit around the leg to be useful otherwise it will rotate during impact.The knee-guards provide strategic protection to the vulnerable knee joint area.





Riding Boots

Your feet and ankles are in for a pretty rough time when you step over a motorcycle. Whether it’s the heat from the exhaust pipe, dragging your toe on the pavement, or road debris that’s gone aerial, there are plenty of things out there just waiting to tear up unprotected feet. They need to be protected not just from abrasion but also from potential injury when caught under a heavy fallen motorcycle with some parts that would be searingly hot. 

Just like you guard your head with a quality helmet and save your hands and fingers with some good gloves, you’ll also need strong boots to keep your feet and ankles from getting hurt while you ride.

Riding boots should have heavy sole and a re-enforced toe and heel area and need to be at least ankle high. Sole should provide proper grip on a footrest. A good riding boot will not be all that comfortable for walking as it does not allow to move your ankle comfortably to protect your foot during a crash.





Most of the accident happens due to lack of correct input to your motorbike during the panic situation. So always learn some good riding techniques (such as not to grab your handlebar tightly, proper braking, countersteering etc.) and practice them.







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